蒲公英 > 正文

苦菜和蒲公英的区别,3个方面帮你区分

  • 编辑:植物之家
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  • 最后更新:2018年04月27日
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蒲公英是一种多年生草本植物,可以说蒲公英陪伴了大多数人的儿童时代的时光,每到蒲公英出来的季节,总会有一些小伙伴结伴去摘,然后把它吹散让它随风飘扬。还有一种植物也就是苦菜,在蒲公英还没有开出花朵时,很多花友就分不清苦菜和蒲公英的区别。

一、苦菜和蒲公英的区别有3个

我们在乡间的小路边经常会看到蒲公英的叶子,但不知道其实有的不是蒲公英,而是苦菜,苦菜也属于多年生草本植物,这两种植物确实有些相似,但是还是有不同点的,那么苦菜和蒲公英的区别有哪些呢?

1、叶片形状

如果细看,苦菜和蒲公英还是有不同点的,那就是它们的叶片。苦菜的叶片形状为乱性、椭圆形,叶子的顶端钝或者是尖,边缘有粗锯齿排列,叶片正面是暗绿色的,反面则是淡绿色,表面也没有绒毛覆盖。

而蒲公英的叶片呈倒卵披针形,它的叶片顶端炖形或是是极尖形状的,叶片边缘呈波纹状,蒲公英的叶片顶端裂片比较大,通常都是三角形或是三角状戟形状。

2、花朵颜色

苦菜的花朵也许我们会见的比较少,它的花朵很像一个散开的毛钱球,是圆形的,花朵颜色为黄色的,总苞片很小,所以整个花朵也很小。在基部一侧囊肿并不明显,里面有白色的长柔毛覆盖,花冠裂片呈现卵形。

蒲公英的花朵相信大多数人都知道,它的花朵呈白色,是一个小圆球的形状,被风吹一下就随风飘散了。外层的总苞片是卵状的,边缘上面是宽膜质,在底部呈现淡绿色,而上面是紫红色的。

3、成分不同

不仅从外表上看苦菜和蒲公英有区别,内在也有区别,就比如说成分。苦菜的嫩幼苗含有蛋白质,脂肪,粗纤维,糖类,胡萝卜素,维生素,另外含有蒲公英自醇、甘露醇、蜡醇、胆碱、酒石酸等成分。

而蒲公英的成分是维生素A、维生素C及钾,也含有铁、钙、维生素B2、维生素B1、镁、维生素B6、叶酸及铜。具体的元素含量主要是水分。这一点,也是苦菜和蒲公英的区别。

二、苦菜与蒲公英有3个相同点

苦菜与蒲公英之所以常常被人们分不清楚,也是因为它们除了以上的几个不同点以外还有一些确实特别相似的地方,那么苦菜与蒲公英又有哪些地方是相同的呢?

科属相同:苦菜与蒲公英都是相同科属的植物,它们都是属于菊科多年生草本植物。

生长时间相同:苦菜与蒲公英都是春天生长出来的一种植物。

味道相同:苦菜,顾名思义,那味道肯定就是苦的。其实,蒲公英的味道也是苦的。

三、蒲公英和苦菜作用多多

经常会有花友会问,蒲公英能治牙痛吗蒲公英怎么泡水喝?其实,这些都是可以的,蒲公英的功效与作用可是不少的,并且疗效都非常不错。平常我们牙痛的时候,就可以用沸水煮蒲公英饮用,因为蒲公英泡水有降火的作用,这可以很大程度上缓解牙痛。

苦菜既然被称为菜,所以它肯定就是可以食用的,苦菜有清热解毒的功效,所以我们平时上火之类的症状就可以弄一些苦菜清炒着吃,不仅能清热解毒还可以开胃、助消化的作用。另外苦菜水煎剂还可以预防宫颈癌、直肠癌和肛门癌症。

结语:通过以上的总结大家都知道了苦菜和蒲公英的区别,以及苦菜与蒲公英的功效,希望大家都能够掌握正确的方法来食用蒲公英和苦菜!

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