基本介绍

原植物名:丛毛羊胡子草,为多年生草本,株高14~80cm。根状茎粗短。杆密丛生,基部具黑褐色叶鞘。叶基生,无杆生叶;叶片线形,长50~60cm,顶端渐狭成刚毛状,边内卷,具细齿,基部鞘状。

形态特征

长侧枝聚伞花序伞房状,长6~22cm;苞片叶状,长于花序;小苞片披针形,顶端刚毛状;小穗多数,单生或2~5个簇生,长圆形,长6~12mm,基部有空鳞片4片,2大2小,卵形,顶

端具小短尖,褐色,膜质,中肋呈龙骨状突起;有花鳞片同空鳞片而稍大,长2.3~3mm;下位刚毛极多数,成熟时长超过鳞片,长达7mm,无细刺;雄蕊2,花药顶端具紫黑色披针形的短尖;花柱长,柱头3,细线形。小坚果狭长圆形,扁三棱状,顶端尖锐,有喙,深褐色,有的下部具棕色斑点,长约2.5mm,宽约0.5mm。

主要价值

药用价值

【性味】: 辛,湿。

【功效】祛风散寒,通经络,平喘咳。丛毛羊胡子草花序平喘止咳。

【主治】用于风寒感冒,喘咳,风湿骨痛,跌打损伤。常用量10~15g。

【炮制】采收加工 夏季采收,晒干。

园林绿化

草坪及地被、观叶类、观赏、或人流少的庭园草坪。

药材性状

本品全长约14~80cm,须根较粗,褐色。杆密集成丛,钝三棱形或圆柱形,直径约1~2mm,禾秆色,基部具宿存的黑褐色叶鞘。叶全部基生,线形,长50~60cm,宽2~4mm,顶端渐狭成刚毛状,边缘具极细齿,稍内卷,淡褐黄色。聚伞花序伞房状,顶生。叶状苞片长于花序;小穗多数,单生或2~5个簇生;鳞片褐色,膜质,中肋呈龙骨状突起;下位刚毛多数,长于鳞片,丝状。体轻,质柔软。气无,味淡。以干燥、茎叶多、带花序者为佳。

羊须草和羊胡子草,看似一字之差,对其不熟悉的人可能会以为它们是同一种植物。其实不然,它们是两种完全不同的植物,接下来小编就给大家讲解羊须草与羊胡子草的区别。
添加时间:2018年02月08日 更新时间:2018年02月20日
羊胡子草,又名:卵穗苔草,多生于岩壁上。且植株顶部花冠酷似山羊胡子,因此被称为“羊胡子草”。羊胡子草可以入药,下面小编将为大家介绍它的功效与作用。
添加时间:2018年02月08日 更新时间:2018年02月20日

羊胡子草的资料

浏览:161
添加时间:2018年02月08日 更新时间:2018年02月08日

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